Professor, Department Chair of Community, Environment and Policy, Director, ESRAC
Community, Environment & Policy Department
Since 1990, Kelly Reynolds, PhD, has worked as a researcher and public health educator in environmental science, specializing in water quality, food safety, and disease transmission. Her extensive experience in those research areas includes her role as a Principal Investigator of numerous projects and the publication of hundreds of journal articles, book chapters, and professional reports.
Dr. Reynolds is working on several projects, including one in which she joins UA engineers to apply lasers to detect human viruses in drinking water. This type of technology would not only expedite the process of discovering water-borne viruses, but it could detect viruses that were previously undetectable. Between 1971 and 2000 in the United States, water-borne pathogens resulted in nearly 600,000 cases of illness. Dr. Reynolds suspects that millions of cases were undocumented because people who were affected suffered relatively minor symptoms.
She is also the Principal Investigator of two other projects, which look for contaminants in the water supply and in the home. In the water study, Dr. Reynolds aims to assess the risk of tap water by analyzing the types of disease-causing organisms captured in the filters of water vending machines. In the home hygiene study, Dr. Reynolds is monitoring the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the home by identifying the bacteria's survival in soft surfaces, including carpets and towels. The MRSA bacteria could cause severe skin infections and result in hospitalizations, or rarely death.
Dr. Reynolds hopes that her research yields information that people will use in order to reduce their risk of illness. "From a scientist's point of view, we can continue to develop and improve methods to identify hazards," she said. But that information only goes so far if the public doesn't actively participate in reducing their exposure.
Dr. Reynolds received her doctorate degree from the University of Arizona in agriculture and life sciences in the Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, and a master's degree from the University of South Florida in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health. She has previously worked as a research technician, research fellow and an assistant research scientist at the UA since 1987.
1995, PhD, Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona
1992, MS, Public Health, University of South Florida
1989, BS, Microbiology, University of Arizona
McCracken K.E., S.V. Angus, K.A. Reynolds, J.Y Yoon. 2016. Multimodal Imaging and Lighting Bias Correction for Improved µPAD-based Water Quality Monitoring via Smartphones. Submitted. Scientific Reports.
Suppes L.M., K.C. Ernst, L. Abrell, K.A. Reynolds. 2015. Validation and Standardization of Swimming Exposure and Pool Operations Questionnaires. Submitted. Journal of Water Research.
Suppes, L. M., R.A. Canales, C. P. Gerba, K.A. Reynolds. 2015. Risk of Cryptosporidium Risk from Swimming Pool Exposures. Submitted. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.
Sifuentes, L.Y., S.L.M. Fankem, S. Maxwell, K.A. Reynolds, A. Tamimi, C.P. Gerba, D. Koenig. 2015. Use of ATP Readings to Predict a Successful Hygiene Intervention in the Workplace. Accepted. Food and Environmental Virology.
Verhougstraete, M., K.A. Reynolds. 2015. Use of a portable air disinfecting system to remove seeded coliphage in hospital rooms. In Press. American Journal of Infection Control
Reynolds, K.A., Beamer, P.I., Plotkin, K.R., L.Y. Sifuentes, D.W. Koenig, C.P. Gerba. 2015. The Healthy Workplace Project: Reduced Viral Exposure in an Office Setting. In press. Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health. DOI: 10.1080/19338244.2015.1058234. : http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2015.1058234. [Epub ahead of print]
Valdez, M.K., J.D. Sexton, E. A. Lutz, K.A. Reynolds. 2015. Spread of infectious microbes during emergency medical response. In press. American Journal of Infection Control.
Lopez, G.U., M. Kitajima, S.P. Sherchan, J.D. Sexton, C.P. Gerba, K.A. Reynolds. 2015. Impact of Disinfectant Wipes on the Risk of Campylobacter jejuni Infection During Raw Chicken Preparation in Domestic Kitchens. Journal of Applied Microbiology. In press. DOI: 10.1111/jam.12834 [Epub ahead of print]
Sassi, H.P., L.Y. Sifuentes, D.W. Koenig, E. Nichols, J. Clark-Greuel, L.F. Wong, K. McGrath, C.P. Gerba, K.A. Reynolds. 2015. Control of the Spread of Viruses in a Long Term Care Facility Using Hygiene Protocols. In press. American Journal of Infection Control. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2015.03.012 [Epub ahead of print]
Beamer, P.I., Plotkin, K.R., C.P. Gerba, L.Y. Sifuentes, D.W. Koenig, K.A. Reynolds. 2014. Modeling of Human Viruses on Hands and Risk of Infection in an Office Workplace using Micro-Activity Data. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 12(4): 266-275. DOI: 10.1080/15459624.2014.974808
Sifuentes L.Y., D.W. Koenig, K.A. Reynolds, C.P. Gerba. 2014. Use of Hygiene Protocols to Control the Spread of Viruses in a Hotel. Food and Environmental Virology. 6(3):175-181.
Lopez, G.U., M. Kitajima, A. Havas, C.P. Gerba, K.A. Reynolds. 2014. Evaluation of a Disinfectant Wipe Intervention on Fomite-to-Finger Microbial Transfer. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 80(10):3113-3118. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.04235-13
Suppes L.M., K.A. Reynolds. 2014. Swimmer Recall on a Recreational Waterborne Illness Outbreak Questionnaire. Microchemical Journal, 112(1): 150-152
Suppes L.M., L. Abrell, A.P. Dufour, C.P.Gerba, K.A. Reynolds. 2014. Assessment of Swimmer Head Submersion Exposures and Pool Water Ingestion. Journal of Water and Health. 12(2): 269-279.
Soto Beltran, M., K.D. Mena, C.P. Gerba, P. Tarwater, K.A. Reynolds, C. Chaidez. 2013. Risk assessment of Listeria monocytogenes in queso fresco in Culiacan, Mexico. Journal of Microbiology Research. 3(3): 111-116.
Reynolds, K.A., S. Boone, K.L. Bright, C.P. Gerba. 2012. Occurrence of household mold and efficacy of sodium hypochlorite disinfectant. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 9 (11): 663-669.
Reynolds, K.A., G.D. Giovanni, K.D. Mena. 2012. Cryptosporidium and Giardia zoonoses: minimizing health risks from animal production. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Nutrition and Food Science. 7(8): 1-7.
Nordstrom, J., K.A. Reynolds, C.P. Gerba. 2012. Comparison of bacteria on new, disposable, laundered and unlaundered hospital scrubs. American Journal of Infection Control. 40(6): 539-543.
Lee-Montiel, F.T., K.A. Reynolds, M.R. Riley. 2011. A novel detection scheme for poliovirus FTIR spectroscopy and cell culture. Journal of Biological Engineering, 5(16): 1754-1611.
Mahalanabis, M., K.A. Reynolds, I.L. Pepper, C.P. Gerba. 2010. Comparison of multiple passage integrated cell culture-PCR and cytopathogenic effects in cell culture for the assessment of poliovirus survival in water. Journal of Food and Environmental Virology. 2(4):225-230.
Yang, Z., M.K. Fah, K.A. Reynolds, J.D. Sexton, M.R. Riley, M. Anne, B. Bureau, P. Lucas. 2010. Opto-electrophoretic detection of bio-molecules using conducting chalcogenide glass sensors. Optics Express. 18 (25): 26754-26759.
Sexton, J.S., K.A. Reynolds. 2010. Exposure of emergency medical responders to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). American Journal of Infection Control. 38(5):368-373.
Vargas, C.A., A.A. Wilhelm, J. Williams, M.R. Riley, K.A. Reynolds, P. Lucas. 2009. Integrated capture and spectroscopic detection of viruses. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 75(20): 6431-6440.
Peate, W., Sexton, J., Reynolds, K. Nied, E. 2009. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in fire facilities: a guide for firefighter management. International Fire Service Journal of Leadership and Management. 3(2): 13-17 (plus appendices).
Andrade, C.A., S. Champagne, D. Caruso, K. Foster, K.A. Reynolds. 2009. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: An assessment of environmental contamination in a burn center. American Journal of Infection Control 37(6): 515-517.
Miles, S., C.P. Gerba, I.L. Pepper, K.A. Reynolds. 2009. Point-of-use drinking water devices for assessing microbial contamination in finished water and distribution systems. Environmental Science and Technology. 43(5):1425-1429.
Reynolds KA, Mena KD, Gerba CP. 2008. Risk of Waterborne Illness via Drinking Water in the United States. Reviews in Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Accepted.
Reynolds KA, Watt P, Gerba CP. 2005. Occurrence of bacteria and biochemical markers on public surfaces. Journal of Environmental Health Research. 15(3):225-234.
Tanner BD, Kuwahara S, Gerba CP and Reynolds KA. 2004. Evaluation of Electrochemically Generated Ozone for the Disinfection of Water and Wastewater. Water Science and Technology. 50(1):12-25. IWA Publishing.
Reynolds KA, Gerba CP, Abbaszadegan M, Pepper IL. 2001. ICC/PCR detection of enteroviruses and hepatitis A virus in environmental samples. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 47(3): 153-157.
Dr. Reynolds has worked as a researcher and public health educator in environmental science, specializing in water quality, food safety and disease transmission. Her extensive experience in those research areas includes her role as a Principal Investigator of numerous projects and the publication of hundreds of journal articles, book chapters and professional reports.